For two thousand years the church has preserved the memory of the Virgin
Mary as the prototype of all Christians - the model of what we are to become in
Christ. Mary was truly pure and unconditionally obedient to God. The Tradition
of the Church holds that Mary remained a virgin all her life. While lifelong
celibacy is not a model for all Christians to follow, Mary's spiritual purity,
her wholehearted devotion to God, is certainly to be emulated.
Mary is also our model in that she was the first person to receive Jesus
Christ. As Mary bore Christ in her womb physically, all Christians now have the
privilege of bearing God within them spiritually. By God's grace and mercy we
are purified and empowered to become like Him.
The honour we give to Mary also signifies our view of who Jesus is. From
early times the Church has called her Mother of God (Greek Theotokos; Lit.
God-bearer), a title which implies that her Son is both fully man and
fully God. As His mother, Mary was the source of Jesus' human nature; yet, the
One she bore in her womb was also the eternal God.
Therefore, because of her character and especially because of her role
in God's plan of salvation, Christians appropriately honour Mary as the first
among the saints. The archangel Gabriel initiated this honour in his address to
her: "Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you
among women!" (Luke 1:28). This salutation clearly indicates that God
Himself has chosen to honour Mary. Her Favored status was confirmed when she
went to visit her cousin Elizabeth, who was then six months pregnant with John
the Baptist. Elizabeth greeted Mary with these words: "Blessed are you
among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! But why is this granted to
me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?" (Luke 1:42,43). And Mary
herself, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, predicted the honour that would
be paid her throughout history: "For behold, henceforth all generations
will call me blessed" (Luke 1:48).
In obedience to God's clear intention, therefore, the Orthodox Church
honours Mary in icons, hymns and special feast days. We entreat her, as the
human being who was most intimate with Christ on earth, to intercede with her
Son on our behalf. We ask her, as the first believer and the mother of the
Church, for guidance and protection. We venerate her - but we do not worship
her, for worship belongs to God alone.