THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST
The Orthodox understanding of the Second Coming of Christ is clear: the
Lord Jesus Christ truly will return. His second advent is not a myth, nor an
empty promise, nor is it a metaphor, In fact, each time the Divine Liturgy is
celebrated, the priest makes a proclamation to the Father which reveals how the
Church responds not only to the Second Coming of Christ, but to all of His work.
Remembering this saving commandment (Jesus'
command to eat His flesh and drink His blood) and all that has been done for
us-the Cross, the Tomb, the Resurrection on the third day, the Ascension into
Heaven, the sitting at the right hand and the Second and glorious Coming-we
offer You Your own, from what is Your own, on behalf of all and for all.
Orthodox Christians also believe the New
Testament revelation of the Second coming of Christ is meant to stimulate our
preparation for it, not our speculation about it. This explains the relative
simplicity with which the Nicene Creed, the most universal confession of faith
in all of Christendom, addresses Christ's return: "He...will come again,
with glory, to judge the living and the dead whose Kingdom shall have no
end." The emphasis of historic Orthodoxy is that Jesus will come again, not
when He will come again.
Thus, St. Paul writes, "denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we
should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the present age, looking for the
blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,
who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and
purify for Himself His own special people, zealous for good works" (Titus
There are signs of Christ's coming, to be sure.
Jesus prophesied many events that would take place in the world prior to His
return (Matt. 24; Luke 21:7-36). But even here the teachings of Jesus in these
gospels close with His exhortation to virtue, righteousness, and preparation for
the Judgment. Christ and His apostles issue severe warnings, implicit and
explicit, against second-guessing the time of His coming (Matt. 24:3-8,
36,43,44, 50; Luke 21:7-9, 34; Acts 1:7; 1 Thess. 5:1-3; 2 Pet. 3:8-10).
Much of modem Christendom has succumbed to
divisive speculation regarding Christ's return. We are divided into
pre-millennial, post-millennial, and a-millennial camps. Breaking it down even
further, there are pre-tribulation, mid-tribulation, and post-tribulation
adherents. Christians part ways and new denominations spring up around
interpretations of events which have not yet even come to pass!
Throughout history the Orthodox Church has
steadfastly insisted on the reality of the Second Coming of Christ as a settled
belief but granted liberty on the question of when it will occur. In the last
chapter of Revelation, Jesus speaks the words, "I am coming quickly"
three different times (Rev. 2:21:7, 12, 20). His coming will occur on a day, at
an hour when it is not expected, The Apostle John, the author of Revelation,
concludes his book with a warning: "For I testify to everyone who hears the
words of the prophecy of this book If anyone adds to these thins, God will add
to him the plagues that are written in this book; and if anyone takes away from
the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the
Book of Life, form the holy city, and from the things which are written in this
book:" (Rev. 22:18, 19).
To confess the return of Christ is to stand squarely within the apostolic tradition. To add "when" to the promise of His coming is warned against in the Scriptures. As members of the Bride of Christ, let us attend instead to being ready.