-- The Moslem name of the Supreme Being.
- the spiritual "messengers" of God. In the "Celestial
Hierarchy" of the early Church Father, Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite (c.
500 A.D.), the angels are arranged in three hierarchies containing three choirs
each, in the order of Seraphim, Cherubim and Thrones; Dominlons, Powers, and
Authorities; Principalities, Archangels and Angels.
-- see "Angels".
-- in Hindu theology, originally the absolute, self- existent, eternal essence
or spirit of the universe, the source of all things, the object of the loftiest
philosophical adoration -- later it became personified as the first person in
the Hindu trinity with Vishnu (redeemer) and Siva (destroyer). Brahmna is
represented by a red figure with four heads and four arms.
-- (Sanskrit = the enlightened one) tide given the founder of Buddhism,
Siddhartha Gautama (c. 563-c.483 B.C.). His father was a king of the warrior
caste and raised his son in great luxury, but at the age of 29, Siddhartha
renounced the world to become a wandering ascetic and search for a solution to
the problems of death and human suffering. After six years of spiritual
discipline, he achieved supreme enlightenment at the age of 35. He spent the
rest of his life teaching his doctrines and establishing a community of monks to
continue his work.
-- in the Bible, the oldest son of Adam and Eve: he killed his brother, Abel
(cf. Gen. 4).
-- the study of the person of Christ, and in particular of the union in Him of
the divine and human natures.
-- see "Angels."
relying or based on experiments or experience; as in, the empirical method.
-- 77:e Fall of Man or the Fall is, in Christian theology, the
lapse of the human race from a state of innocence into one of innate sinfulness
and original sin, owing to the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the Garden of
Godhead -- divinity, godhood, the state or quality of being God; also, God Himself. Triune Godhead: the Holy Trinity as three Persons yet one Deity.
God-man -- (Serbian Bogochovek, Greek Theanthropos). In Orthodox Christian theology this term denotes the person of Jesus Christ, who possesses both a divine nature (from God the Father) and a human nature (from His mother, the Virgin Mary).
-- ruled as king at the time of Christ's birth, according to Matt. 2:1-18 (cf.
Luke 1:5). His infamous ruthlessness in defending his throne against any threat
accounts for the story of the massacre of Bethiehem's innocent infants (cf.
Matt. 2:16-17). Hindu -- any member of those peoples of India who speak
languages derived from the Indic branch of Indo-European. Also an adherent of
hypostasis -- in Christian theology, (1) originally, the unique essence or nature of the Godhead and, therefore, of the three persons of the Trinity; (2) any of the three persons of the Trinity; (3) the personality of Christ as distinguished from His two natures, human and divine. (plural: hypostases).
I AM -- the first part of the formula by which God identified Himself to Moses on Mount Sinai: "I am who I am" = Yahweh or, as the name appears m the King James Version, "Jehovah." (See Ex. 3:14). Thus Jesus answered the Jews (in John 8:58): "Before Abraham was, I AM." See also the One who Is.
imam -- a Moslem priest who performs the regular service of the mosque.
Karma -- (Sanskrit: a deed, act) in Buddhism and Hinduism, the totality of a person's actions in one of the successive states (through reincarnation) of his existence, thought of as determining his fate in the next. Loosely: fate or destiny.
Kismet -- Turkish word (qismet) for doom, appointed lot, fate, or predetermined fortune.
knowledge, tree of-- See: tree of knowledge.
Krishna -- A very popular deity in Hinduism, the eighth avatar, or incarnation, of Vishnu.
(or Lao-tsu) -- A sixth-century B.C. Chinese philosopher and founder of Taoism.
Life, Tree of-- See Tree of Life.
-- See Word of God.
position -- in yoga, an erect sitting posture with the legs crossed and with
each foot, Sole upturned, resting on the upper thigh of the opposite leg.
-- a high slender tower attached to a Moslem mosque, with one or more projecting
balconies, from which a muezzin, or crier, calls the people to prayer.
-- the rocky hill in Jerusalem where Solomon built the Jewish Temple (2 Chron.
muezzin -- in Moslem regions, a crier in a minaret or other lofty place who calls the people to prayer at the proper hours.
-- in Buddhism, the state of perfect blessedness achieved by the extinction of
individual existence and by the absorption of the soul into the supreme spirit,
or by the extinction of all desires and passions.
-- (Greek) In philosophy, mind, understanding, intellect, reason; in theology
and patristic literature, the Son of God is sometimes referred to as the Nous
of God the Father.
Who Is, the -- the name by which God identified Himself to Moses on Mt. Sinai
(Ex. 3:14), also translated as "I am Who I am" (see: I AM). In Hebrew
this name is "Yahweh" and appears in the King James Version as
"Jehovah." In the Septuagint Greek version of the Old Testament the
divine epithet is translated by three letters which often appear in the
cruciform halo behind Christ's head in Orthodox iconography.
-- see "Angels."
-- see "Angels."
-- in Hindu legend it is said that in ancient days seven Wise Men, or Rishis,
acquired, by penance and meditation, complete knowledge of all things.
Later applied to the sages and saints of
India, both Hindu and Buddhist, who were viewed as their avatars through
-- A Jewish politico-religious sect, opposed to the Pharisees. Though never
popular, they stood for the interests of the priestly aristocracy and the
rich, and exercised great political influence at the time of Christ. They
rejected belief in an afterlife and the resurrection, and took a leading part
against Christ in collaboration with the Romans. They also at
-- (as used here:) the teachers or doctors of the Old Testament Jewish law who,
together with the Pharisees, rigidly insisted on meticulous external adherence
to that law and frequently criticized and condemned Christ for following the
spirit, rather than the letter, of the law.
-- (Serbian word meaning "glory") in Serbian Orthodox religious
tradition, the rites performed with special bread (kolach) and wine in
order to glorify one's patron saint on his feast day, usually accompanied by a
sumptuous meal and large numbers of guests in one's home.
-- (see Taoism).
-- A Chinese philosophical system (which later evolved into a religion) deriving
chiefly from writings ascribed to Lao-tse (6th cent. B.C.). According to its
teaching, man's ideal state of freedom from desire and of effortless simplicity
is achieved by following the Tao (Chinese = "way"), the spontaneous,
creative functioning of the universe.
-- see "Angels."
of knowledge -- in the Bible, the tree whose fruit Adam and Eve tasted in
disobedience to God. See Genesis, ch. 2 and 3. Also referred to as the tree
of the knowledge of good and evil.
of Life -- in the Bible, a tree in the Garden of Eden bearing fruit which, if
eaten, gave everlasting life (cf. Gen. 2:9 and 3:22). Also, in the New
Testament, a tree in the heavenly Jerusalem whose leaves are for healing the
nations (cf. Rev. 22:2).
-- a union or set of three; a group of three persons, things ideas, etc.; a
trinity: hence Holy Triad = Holy Trinity.
Man, the -- a term coined by Bishop Nikolai to describe Jesus Christ as the Son
of God, as the "new Adam," as the ideal, total, complete and Ultimate
Man (Svechovek), who possesses the pure, true and genuine nature of
unfallen man as well as the divine nature of God the Father in His divine-human
personality. All who unite themselves to the God-man, Jesus Christ, regain the
fullness of their "ultimate humanity," which the descendants of Adam
have lost since the expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
-- one of the appellations of Jesus Christ in the Bible. Cf. 1 Cor. 1:24-- "Christ
the power of God and the wisdom of God." Christian theol
of God -- in Christian theology, the Logos or Word; Jesus Christ
as the second person of the Holy Trinity.
-- (Sanskrit = "union") in Hindu philosophy a practice involving
intense and complete concentration upon something, especially the deity, in
order to establish identity of consciousness with the object of concentration:
it is a mystic and ascetic practice, usually involving the discipline of
prescribed postures, controlled breathing, etc.
-- (c. 628 B.C. - c. 551 B.C.) religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia
who founded Zoroastrianism.
-- the religious system of the Persians before their conversion to Islam. Its
principles include belief in an afterlife and in the continuous struggle of the
universal spirit of good (Ormazd) with the spirit of evil (Ahriman), the good
ultimately to prevail.